Symptoms of depression and its psychological and physical signs

Symptoms of depression and its psychological and physical signs

Depression is a medical condition in which sadness and depression dominate a person to such an extent that they affect their daily life and may persist symptoms of depression Weeks, months, maybe even years. The danger in depression is that a person may suffer from his symptoms and signs without realizing that he has them, so he does not seek treatment and ask for help; Therefore, knowing the symptoms of depression contributes to early detection and receiving treatment as soon as possible. [1] [2]

Learn in this article about Depression symptoms in detail, and how symptoms vary by age group, as well as degrees of depression.

The content of the article

What are the symptoms of depression?

Multiples symptoms depression Between psychological, social and physical, and not all symptoms are required to appear on the person, and the severity of the disease varies symptoms and signs of depression, The frequency and persistence varies from person to person. [2]

Psychological symptoms of depression

including Symptoms of mental illness depression the following:

  • A constant feeling of sadness and despair

Feeling sad and frustrated all day months symptoms of depressionWhen a person feels as if he has fallen into a deep and dark hole, despair and surrender dominate him, and he becomes easy to cry, unable to find solutions, losing hope of improving things, but of all life. [3] [4]

  • feel guilty

Depression symptoms also include feelings of guilt and self-blame for everything. For example, the person always makes statements like “everything I do is wrong, it all happened because of me, or I’m wrong.” [5]

  • vain

The individual feels self-hatred, criticizes himself and his actions constantly, focuses on the flaws of his character and always brings up his failure in past experiences, and blames himself when his life does not go the way he wants. [5]

  • Loss of interest in daily activities and hobbies

The sufferer feels a lack of desire to perform daily tasks, travel with friends or participate in social activities, as well as a lack of interest in engaging in their favorite hobbies. [3]

  • Irritability, irritability and irritability

Depression may push a person to get angry and angry even at the simplest things that do not require it, and this is a symptom of psychological depression Common in men, it usually appears in women in the form of a tantrum and then crying. [5]

  • constant worry

A patient can feel depressed Worried Persistent, tense and may have panic attacks for no specific reason, incl Symptoms of depression and anxiety Rapid pulse, rapid breathing rate and tremors. [4]

  • Difficulty concentrating and making decisions

People with depression suffer Difficulty maintaining focus or remembering, as they have problems organizing their thoughts and making necessary decisions; They find themselves surrounded by chaos and the accumulation of debt. [5]

  • Engaging in risky behaviors

A depressed person may behave recklessly and not understand how dangerous it is to his health or his life. He may drive too fast, engage in dangerous sports, drink excessively or use drugs. [6]

  • suicidal thoughts

longer than Symptoms of severe depression And the most dangerous of them is repeating the thought of death and suicide that life is not worth living, even if a serious plan or thought of self-harm does not come; Therefore, if a person has thoughts of wanting to die, he should consult a psychiatrist as soon as possible. [4]

Also read: Causes of depression in different age groups

Physical symptoms of depression

Depression symptoms are not limited to psychological signs, but depression may also affect the body Physical symptoms of depression the following: [3] [7]

  • A feeling of pain, which is one of the common symptoms of depression in the body, and appears in the form of a complaint of headaches, joint and muscle pain, and back pain without an organic cause.
  • Digestive disorders, such as indigestionNausea, constipation and diarrhea.
  • Changes in sleep pattern, some may experience Insomnia, or sleeping for a few hours and waking up early, while others suffer from excessive sleep.
  • Changes in appetite and weight, when the patient may suffer from loss of appetite and then weight loss, or increased appetite and excessive eating and weight gain as a result.
  • A general feeling of tiredness, tiredness all the time and loss of energy without effort, even with enough hours of sleep.
  • talk or move more slowly than usual.
  • Loss of libido.
  • Menstrual disorders.

for more: Physical symptoms of depression

Symptoms of social depression

including Symptoms of social depression include: [7]

  • Withdrawal from participating in various activities.
  • Neglecting communication with friends and not feeling like it.
  • Difficulty at work and emotional communication with family.

Are depression symptoms different by gender and age?

Feelings of depression and constant sadness are common in all age groups, but there are some symptoms that tend to be more common in one group than another. [8]

Symptoms of depression in children

different Symptoms of depression in children A bit about adults, this is how it appears in the picture: [2] [8]

  • Irritability, anger, mood swings.
  • Lots of crying and grumbling.
  • Trouble at school or refusal to go to school
  • Difficulty concentrating and poor academic performance.
  • Doesn’t want to share toys with his peers or hang out with his friends.
  • Physical complaints, such as colic.

It is worth noting that it may be difficult to identify symptoms of depression in children, and may be confused with changes that occur as the child grows or hormonal changes, so if one of these symptoms appears in the child and persists, the doctor should be consulted. [8]

Symptoms of depression in adolescents

Anger, violence and emotion are among the simplest of things The most common symptoms of depression among teenagersThey may also exhibit the following symptoms: [8] [9]

  • Despair and loss of hope for the future.
  • Delay in school.
  • trouble maker.
  • Isolation and lack of participation in social activities.
  • Change in appearance or lack of interest in personal hygiene.
  • alcoholism or use drugs.
  • Attempting to harm yourself.

Adolescent men and women may go through hormonal changes and mood swings that reflect their behavior, which is normal, but if any of the previous symptoms persist for a while, a doctor should be consulted. [8] [9]

for more: Symptoms of depression in teenagers.. This is not a passing sadness

Symptoms of depression in women

Depression is more common among women than men as a result of hormonal changes that occur in women at different stages, as well as social pressures and other factors. [3]

usually include Symptoms of depression in women Feeling depressed and sad, crying a lot, as well as overeating or avoiding food, in addition to other symptoms. [2]

for more: Symptoms of depression in women, psychological and physical

Symptoms of depression in men

Men tend to hide feelings of sadness and depression and do not seek medical help when suffering from any psychological symptoms due to the belief that this may diminish their masculinity. Symptoms of depression in men In the form of extreme anger and aggression, decreased sexual desire, engaging in risky behaviors or abusing alcohol and drugs. [2] [3]

for more: Depression in men, everything you need to know

Symptoms of depression in the elderly

Older adults are more prone to depression, but it can be difficult to diagnose. Because sadness is not the main symptom of depression, older people instead experience emotional numbness and do not talk about their feelings, and their depressive symptoms may be mixed with the changes that occur with age. [8] [10]

include Symptoms of depression in the elderly Also the following: [10]

  • Feelings of hopelessness and guilt.
  • Loss of focus and forgetfulness.
  • Isolation and loneliness.
  • Sadness and frustration.
  • complain about HeadacheCramps or body aches.

What are the degrees of severity of depression?

The classification of the degree of depression depends on the types, severity and frequency of the symptoms a person has. Therefore, doctors classify depression into 3 degrees or stages, which are: [1]

  • mild depression feature Symptoms of mild depression A feeling of sadness that lasts for several days and somewhat interferes with normal daily activities.
  • Moderate depression to be Moderate depressive symptoms More severe than mild depression, which affects a person’s life to such an extent that it causes problems with family members and work and difficulties in social relationships.
  • major depression: feature Symptoms of major depression So severe that it hinders the continuation of a normal life, and may be accompanied by delusions VolaeusEpisodes of major depression can last 6 months or more.

Also read:

When should you go to the doctor?

You should see your doctor when any of the above symptoms of depression appear, especially if they persist More than two weeksIt should be noted that depression is a medical condition that requires treatment, therefore there is no need to be ashamed or to feel that seeking help may reduce a person’s value or status, depression is not a sin or a mistake, and the earlier it is diagnosed and treated, the greater the chance of recovery and returning to a normal life. [4]

Also read: Option to treat depression at home

Depression screening test

This test is used to determine the percentage of probability that a person will suffer from depression, and this depends on the frequency of feelings of depression and anhedonia during the two weeks before the test, and giving a certain number of points for each case.


The points resulting from this test can be divided in the form of percentages of a person’s possibility of suffering from depression as follows:

• Zero point: less than or equal to 0.6%.

• One point: more than 0.6%.

• Two points: more than 1.3%.

• 3 points: more than 5.4%.

• 4 points: more than 15.7%.

• 5 points: more than 17.9%.

• 6 points: more than 58.1%.

A score of 3 on this test is a defining point for diagnosing depression, as receiving 3 points or more means an increased likelihood of a person suffering from depression.

Calculation results

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