Treatment of oppositional defiant disorder, and how to discipline a child’s behavior

Treatment of oppositional defiant disorder, and how to discipline a child’s behavior

Oppositional defiant disorder is a behavior disorder that affects children and may extend into adolescence. Treatment of oppositional defiant disorder Changing stubborn and defiant behaviors in the child to avoid complications, as well as instructing parents on how to discipline the child’s behavior in a positive way. [1]

Characteristics of ODD in children and adolescents are extreme stubbornness and defiant behavior with parents, hostile and vindictive behavior toward parents or schoolmates, as well as arguments, disobedience, bullying, and repeated tantrums. [1]

Find out in this article about methods Treatment of clear obstinacy disorder in children and teenagers and modern treatment methods.

Treatment of oppositional defiant disorder

ODD treatment depends on many factors, including the child’s age, the severity of the symptoms, the child’s ability to participate in treatment, and the response. The treatment of this disorder involves individual treatment of the child and the involvement of family members to help the child recover and monitor the effectiveness of the treatment. [1]

Below we mention the methods Treatment of interception disorder In children and teenagers:

Individual cognitive behavioral therapy

benefit Individual cognitive behavioral therapyA type of psychotherapy, b Treatment of oppositional defiant disorder in children Through: [2]

  • Teach the child the correct behavior when angry and how to control emotions and solve problems.
  • Convince the child of alternative positive behaviors to replace the negative ones.
  • Learn how to communicate positively with others.
  • Learn effective ways to deal with frustration and tension.

Individual cognitive behavioral therapy also contributes Through Cognitive training in a safe environment that allows viewing problems and potential factors and trying to fix them; Which helps to deal with challenges, such as: [2]

It should be noted that starting this treatment as soon as symptoms appear is more effective before negative family relationships take root. [2]

Training for parents and family members

Parent and family training programs with an expert therapist contribute to the treatment of ODD by guiding parents in the right way to act in difficult moments, for example how to deal with a child when tantrums occur, a desire to get something, without giving up and satisfies the child’s desire, as it encourages him to persist in the behavior this evil [3]

In addition, in training programs, parents learn the right methods to deal with good or bad behaviors of the child, by identifying the behaviors required of the child and monitoring their implementation. [3]

ready Reward or punishment method One of the effective ways to treat ODD is the place where the child is given a reward for doing what is asked of him, or he is punished with an appropriate and consistent punishment when he does not comply with what is required or has bad behavior. [3]

Effective training programs are designed to train parents on the following basic principles: [3]

  1. Reinforcing positive behavior by praising good behavior and following a reward system, such as giving a star for good behavior, and placing the stars on a board for the child to see.
  2. Reducing negative behavior by ignoring it to eliminate the child’s idea of ​​using this bad behavior as a way to get attention or force the parents to fulfill his wishes.
  3. Giving a privilege or reward to encourage cessation of negative behavior if the behavior is too severe to ignore.
  4. Avoid the reasons that usually trigger bad behavior in the child.

Also read: Verbal violence directed towards the child is a behavior that the parents do not know about

Treatment of interaction between parent and child

Promoting parent-child interaction is a central focus of ODD treatment Improving communication between parent and child By performing a number of effective methods, including the therapist sitting behind a one-way mirror so that the child does not see him and communicating with the parents through headphones placed by the father and mother, the therapist trains the parents how to give clear instructions to the child to deal with a certain behavior for him, and then give a deadline for implementation , and praise the children when they respond. [3]

This treatment is aimed at Breaking the cycle of challenge and stubbornness between the child and the parents Teach the child new ways of behaving and expressing his desires. [3]

Also read: Advice for parents of ODD

Treatment of oppositional defiant disorder at home

Employee Treatment of oppositional defiant disorder at home Establishing the relationship between the child and his parents and disciplining his behavior, including the following: [4]

Creating a positive relationship between the child and the parents

ready A basic step The task in treating ODD is Building a positive relationship Between the child and the parents, for example, the participation of the parents in playing with the child, having fun and doing interactive activities, helps to improve the relationship between them and reduce the stubbornness of the child. [4]

Determine the behaviors required of the child

Parents need when starting out Treatment of stubbornness Determining the positive behaviors that the child should follow in certain situations within the reasonable and possible range so that they can continue to be implemented, and these behaviors should be explained to the child in a clear and understandable way in times of calm and not in outbursts of anger or confrontation. [3]

Discipline and rewards

Verbal rewards, praise, and praise are helpful in treating ODD, as rewards are given to the child for performing positive behaviors as requested, and the child can be allowed to participate in choosing the rewards he wants, as well as being offered foods he likes. as a reward [4]

Set a daily routine

Establishing a routine for daily activity is helpful Treatment of clear obstinacy disorder in childrenThis reduces the possibility of conflict. [4]

Social communication

The child should be encouraged to socialize and interact with others as part of ODD treatment, but at first he should be supervised to monitor his application of the rules to be followed, and help him interact appropriately. [4]

Also read: How to deal with stubborn and disruptive behavior of children

Tips for dealing with oppositional defiant disorder for adults

May be useful for Treatment of obvious obstinacy disorder in adults Adolescents will follow the following strategies: [2]

  • The teenager accepts responsibility for his mistakes and reckless actions.
  • Work with a psychotherapist to learn the skills to properly control and manage emotions, avoid challenging behaviors and conflicts, and receive appropriate treatment for any other problems concurrent with ODD.
  • practicing mindfulness meditation and deep breathing exercises; To help calm tantrums.
  • Do activities that help relieve stress, such as exercise, spending time with friends, or enjoying a favorite hobby.
  • Establishing a personal routine contributes to maintaining high morale and a good general condition.

Also read:

Medications for the treatment of oppositional defiant disorder

There are no FDA-approved medications for ODD, but medications are sometimes used to help control defiant and stubborn behaviors. [3]

It has been found that most children and adolescents with ODD show signs of improvement when they take low doses of atypical antipsychotics, such as: Aripiprazole and risperidone, but it should be noted that these drugs are used only under the supervision of a specialist. [3]

Also read: personality disorders

Depression screening test

This test is used to determine a percentage of the probability that a person will suffer from depression, and this depends on the frequency of feelings of depression and anhedonia during the two weeks before the test, and giving a certain number of points for each case.


The points resulting from this test can be divided in the form of percentages of a person’s possibility of suffering from depression as follows:

• Zero point: less than or equal to 0.6%.

• One point: more than 0.6%.

• Two points: more than 1.3%.

• 3 points: more than 5.4%.

• 4 points: more than 15.7%.

• 5 points: more than 17.9%.

• 6 points: more than 58.1%.

A score of 3 on this test is a defining point for diagnosing depression, as receiving 3 points or more means an increased likelihood of a person suffering from depression.

Calculation results

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