What are the causes of blood in stool in children?
Blood in the stool in children causes parents to feel anxious, but this does not necessarily indicate the existence of a serious health problem, rather it can be a temporary problem that requires simple treatment, and in this article we will find out. What are the causes of blood in the stool in children?and how to solve the problem.
Check for blood in the stool
The mother may notice some red dots or red liquid with the child’s stool, and perceive it as blood, but this redness can be caused by eating certain foods or medicines, including:
- flavored gelatin.
- red licorice
- iron supplements.
- Some antibiotics.
Therefore, the mother must remember if her child has taken any of the previous foods or medications to make sure there is blood in the stool.
Symptoms of blood in the stool in children
Depending on the cause, the appearance of blood in the stool may vary in color and intensity, and can range from bright red to black stool Tar, and each color indicates a different health condition, and may be accompanied by symptoms such as:
- Pain during defecation.
- Feel tired
- Weight loss.
- mucous secretions
- Itching around the anus.
- Swelling around the anus.
- Pain in the digestive system (either in the stomach, esophagus or stomach). (One. Two. Three)
For more: Signs of baby urine color
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Causes blood in the stool in children
Include the most important Causes blood in the stool in children the following:
- Anal fissure: This is a tear in the skin of the anus, which is one of the Causes of anal bleeding in children This is usually due to hardening of the stool and constipation, and sometimes it can cause severe cases of diarrhea, and this may be due to Causes blood in the stool in babies.
- Polyps: Polyps are the most common type of polyps in the digestive system in children between the ages of three and ten years, and they cause bleeding and abdominal pain.
- Colitis Caused by an infection: This can be a bacterial, viral or parasitic infection Causes blood in stool in childrenaccompanied by diarrhea.
- Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) leads to chronic inflammation of the digestive system, Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, and causes abdominal pain in children, rectal bleeding, weight loss, fatigue and diarrhea.
- Rectal ulcer: This is a rare disease in children, and it is considered one of the causes of blood in the stool, which is accompanied by constipation, mucous secretions and abdominal pain.
- Intestinal obstruction: another reason for Causes blood in the stool with abdominal painThis may be accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, feeling very tired, vomiting, diarrhea and flatulence.
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome: This is a common disease in children, and it often appears after an Escherichia coli infection in the digestive tract. Children may suffer from vomiting, diarrhea, fever and lethargy.
- Hemorrhoids: Hemorrhoids can appear due to prolonged straining during bowel movements, chronic constipation or diarrhea, and cause swelling around the anus, or itching, and may be between Causes blood in stool during constipation.
- Bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract: Bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract can lead to or intestinal bleeding Blood in stool in children (1) (2) (3)
Read also: When is blood in the stool dangerous?
Diagnosis of blood in stool in children
The doctor needs to accurately diagnose the condition to know causes blood in the stool in children, This is done by knowing the medical history, the age of the child and performing a physical examination of the anus, and he may order a series of tests, namely:
- fecal analysis.
- complete blood test.
- Abdominal ultrasound.
- Ultrasound imaging.
- CT or MRI scan.
- Abdominal X-ray or X-ray (1) (2) (3)
More: Abdominal pain in children
Treatment of blood in stool in children
In mild cases, you can rely on home remedies, including:
- Hot Sitz Baths: These baths involve sitting in warm water to relieve symptoms and soothe pain and itching.
- Diet rich in fiber: to relieve symptoms constipation It is recommended for the child to eat bananas, pears, berries, broccoli and peas as well as whole grains such as oats, wholemeal bread or pasta.
- Drink plenty of water: It is recommended to encourage the child to drink water at regular intervals, especially if he suffers from constipation.
- Maintaining personal hygiene: the child must be taught how to maintain hygiene in the anus area and the genital area in general, by washing them gently and drying them well.
- Regular physical activity, including times of preferred sports activity and age-appropriate physical activity, is essential for maintaining healthy bowel function for a child.
As for drug treatment, it must be prescribed by a doctor, and can include the following:
- Laxatives to relieve constipation and facilitate the passage of stool, in the event that the hardening of the stool is the cause of blood in the stool in children.
- Topical ointments: These ointments are used in severe cases of fissures or tears resulting from constipation or painful bowel movements, as they help relieve the pain.
- Antibiotics: In some cases, a prescription of antimicrobial or anti-parasitic drugs is necessary, such as in the case of infectious colitis or intestinal infections.
- Anti-inflammatories: If you have an illness, your doctor may recommend anti-inflammatory drugs Ulcerative colitis.
In some cases, endoscopic treatment is required, such as benign tumors, and the doctor may resort to surgery in the case of intestinal obstruction and some other cases. (1) (2) (3)
Also read: Symptoms and treatment of intestinal obstruction
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